CCeMMP Seminar Series – Associate Professor Steve Reichow – October 2023
Mechanistic insights into the gap junctions enabled by cryo-EM
Gap junctions play a central role in facilitating cell-to-cell communication throughout our bodies. These intercellular channels are essential for establishing harmonious coupling of neurons, the synchronous beating of cardiac cells, and ensuring efficient coordination of cellular signals and metabolic activity throughout most tissues (e.g. heart, skin, liver and eye lens). When something goes awry with these communication pathways, the repercussions can be dire, leading to conditions such as cardiac arrhythmia, stroke, blindness, deafness, skin disease and cancers. Despite their importance, our understanding of the intricacies of how these channels function had remained stymied for decades. The hurdle? Challenges associated with the crystallization of membrane proteins. By harnessing the power of high-resolution single particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo EM), we’ve been able to sidestep these traditional barriers and illuminate the previously obscured mechanisms behind these vital communication channels. We’re now able to dissect, with atomic-level detail, how gap junctions meticulously regulate the flow of electrical and chemical information between cells, and unravel the mysteries of how misregulation can trigger disease. By leveraging developing methods in membrane protein biochemistry and cryo-EM technologies, we are unveiling fresh perspectives of how gap junctions interact with, and are influenced by, their local lipid environment. Ultimately, we envision cryo-EM as an enabling technology that will shepherd us toward the development of new pharmacological agents that may serve as effective tools to combat a variety of gap junction-related disease.
Associate Professor Steve Reichow
Dept of Chemical Physiology & Biochemistry
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon, USA